Gross profit margins 825 | Business & Finance homework help


Question 1

Firms A and B have identical gross profit margins but B has a smaller operating profit margin. Which of the following is the most likely explanation?

Firm B spends more on tax preparation expenses

Firm B has more interest expense

Firm B pays a lower tax rate

Firm B has less depreciation expense

none of the above is a likely explanation

4 points
Question 2

Which of the following is a source of cash flow from operating activities?

an increase in accounts receivable

an increase in accounts payable

the sale of a mainframe computer

the sale of new shares of common stock

a decrease in depreciation

4 points
Question 3

Firm A's gross profit margin is much smaller than the other firms in the industry. Which of the following is the most likely explanation?

Firm A has a brand-new, highly efficient production facility.

Firm A faces a higher tax rate.

Firm A uses too much middle management.

Firm A is noted for selling inferior products

Firm A has the only non-unionized workforce in the industry

4 points
Question 4

A firm's ROE will be equal to their ROA if

the firm uses no equity financing

the firm uses only equity financing

a firm's ROE will never equal their ROE

a firm's ROE will always equal their ROE

4 points
Question 5

Firms A, B and C all show a large increase in the cash account on their balance sheet from 2006 to 2007. Which firm would you prefer to invest in, assuming that you are a long-term investor?

Firm A which generated the cash by a large positive cash flow from operating activities.

Firm B which generated the cash by a large positive cash flow from investing activities

Firm C which generated the cash by a large positive cash flow from financing activities

4 points
Question 6

Which of the following is a source of externally generated equity financing?

issuing new corporate bonds

issuing new shares of common stock

retained earnings

bank loans

collecting all of their outstanding accounts receivable

4 points
Question 7

The goal of a publicly-owned corporation should be to

maximize net income

maximize earnings per share

maximize shareholder wealth

minimize risk

4 points
Question 8

Retained earnings on the balance sheet represents

net profits after taxes.


net profits after taxes minus preferred dividends.

the cumulative total of earnings reinvested in the firm.

4 points
Question 9

Which of the following are known as "fixed costs sources of financing"? 1. bonds; 2. common stock; 3 preferred stock

1 only

2 only

3 only

1 and 2 only

1 and 3 only

4 points
Question 10

Which of the following are examples of a primary market transaction?

A company "goes public" by holding their IPO (initial public offering).

A company issues additional shares of common stock several years after their IPO

An investor asks his broker to purchase 1,000 shares of Microsoft common stock.

All of the statements above are correct.

Statements a and b are correct.

4 points
Question 11

A common size income statement is created by dividing all items on the income statement by

net income


total assets


the number of shares of common stock outstanding

4 points
Question 12

An increase in interest expense will ______________ a firm's net income and ___________ the firm's (net) cash flow.

decrease, decrease

decrease, increase

increase, decrease

increase, increase

4 points
Question 13

Which of the following would increase a firm's cash flow from investing activities?

a decrease in accounts payable

a decrease in gross fixed assets

issuing new shares of common stock

a decrease accounts receivable

the sale of a large amount of inventory for cash

4 points
Question 14

The primary concern of a firm's suppliers when assessing the strength of a firm is the firm's

return on assets

times interest earned

current ratio

total asset turnover

4 points
Question 15

A firm has a profit margin of 4%, a total asset turnover of 2x and a debt ratio of 50%. The firm's ROA=____ and the firm's ROE=_____.

2%, 4%

8%, 12%

4%, 12%

8%, 16%

4 points
Question 16

Suppose a corporation issues $1,000,000 of new common stock and uses the money raised to repurchase (retire) some of their outstanding corporate bonds that have a coupon interest rate of 10%. The firm's total assets, sales and EBIT are unchanged. Which of the following will occur? 1. The firm's ROA will decrease; 2. The firm's TIE will decrease; 3. The firm's nPM will increase

1 only

2 only

3 only

1 and 2 only

1 and 3 only

4 points
Question 17

Which of the following must be correct? Remember that BEP=EBIT/TA

If a firm's BEP is 5% then their ROA is 5%.

If a firm's ROA is 5% then their ROE is 5%.

If a firm has no debt then their BEP is equal to their ROA.

If a firm has no debt and pays no taxes then their BEP is equal to their ROA.

4 points
Question 18

Which of the following statements is correct?

Balance sheet numbers reflect current market values.

Depreciation and interest are both non-cash expenses.

Depreciation and interest are both tax-deductible expenses.

Net fixed assets will always be greater than gross fixed assets.

4 points
Question 19

There is talk today of the US government investing in private banks as a way to get additional cash into the banking systems. If you are think the cash infusion is a good idea, but you are extremely concerned about the government taking over control of the nation's banking system, you would prefer that the government

purchase common stock in the primary market

purchase common stock in the secondary market

purchase corporate bonds in the primary market

purchase corporate bonds in the secondary market

4 points
Question 20

Rank the following from highest to lowest in terms of an individual investor's required rate of return: 1. ABC corporate bonds; ; 2. ABC preferred stock; 3. ABC common stock Hint: Remember the risk/return tradeoff and the priority of claims against income and assets.

1, 2, 3

3, 1, 2

3, 2, 1

2, 1, 3

2, 3, 1

4 points
Question 21

Which of the following is sometimes referred to as "free financing"? The debt must be paid, but generally there is no interest obligation accompanying the debt.

common equity

accounts payable

accounts receivable

long-term debt


4 points
Question 22

ABC corporation has a below average profit margin yet their ROA is above average. Which of the following is correct?

their ROE is above average

their DSO (ACP) is below average

their debt ratio is above average

their TATO is above average

none of the above answers is correct

4 points
Question 23

A firm issues $1m of new debt with a coupon interest rate of 12% and uses the money to repurchase some of their own outstanding shares of common stock. Total assets is unchanged, only the mixture of debt and equity is affected. Which of the following statements must be correct? Assume no other changes.

the firm's TIE will decrease

the firm's ROA will decrease

the firm's ROE will decrease

both statements (a) and (b) are correct

statements (a), (b) and (c) are all correct.

4 points
Question 24

A firm's bond rating changes from BBB to AAA (they are now considered to be less risky). Which of the following is a likely explanation? 1. The firm's TIE changes from 2.0 to 11.0; 2. The firm's DSO changes from 20 to 40; 3. The firm's BEP (BEP=EBIT/TA) changes from 2% to 15%

1 only

2 only

3 only

1 and 2 only

1 and 3 only

4 points
Question 25

Which of the following is an advantage of using new common stock financing compared to new debt financing?

The cost of issuing (the floatation costs) are less for the common stock.

New equity financing will not cause any dilution of ownership of the existing shareholders.

New equity financing does not add any legal financial obligations to the firm.

Issuing new shares of common stock will increase the firm's financial leverage (result in larger EM). 

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